A Chronology of People

Notable people in the field of sexuality and/or erotic literature

Copyright © 2003 Sheryl Perry


William Dugdale is born in Stockport, England. He later becomes active in the erotica publishing trade between 1825 and c.1865 in London, which consists of translations, mainly by James Reddie, and reprints of erotic literature that had been previously published between 1825 and 1840.


The author, Andre Robert Andrea de Nerciat dies. He was born in 1739 and died shortly after his release from jail in 1798. The heroine in his chief work "Felicia" is said to be a friend of his.

February 6, 1800

Achille Devéria is born. Painter, lithographer and stained-glass designer, hs is best known in the erotica world for his illustrations in "Gamiani".


Best known for "Liasons Dangereuses", Choderlos de Laclos (born 1741) dies.

February 3, 1806

Nicolas-Edme Restif, known as Restif de la Bretonne (born 1734) dies in Paris. The 'Bretonne' is for his father's farm in Burgundy. French novelist. A printer by trade, he wrote and published over 250 novels, mostly based on incidents in his own rather libertine life. His detailed realism earned him the epithets "the Rousseau of the gutter" and "the Voltaire of the chambermaids."

November 26, 1807

James Campbell Reddie is born in Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland, son of James Reddie and Charlotte Marion Campbell. Author, publisher, translator and collector of clandestine material. He often supplies William Dugdale with manuscripts for publication. Reddie's erotica collection is bought by Henry Spencer Ashbee in 1877. Reddie also used the pseudonym C. Vernon Wilson. Reddie's death certificate lists his profession as "Writer to the Signet".

December 29, 1809

The British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone is born in Liverpool. The four-time Prime Minister of England was dedicated to self-flagellation both to punish himself for impure thoughts and to achieve a pleasure from the act, which he then repented.

December 11, 1810

Author of "Gamiani", Alfred de Musset is born. He trained in both law and medicine, his success was in poetry and literature. In Gamiani, Musset writes without using a single indecent word. It is said to have been written in revenge, directed at his unfaithful Mistress who began circulating the rumor that he was impotent.


Théophile Gautier is born. French poet, novelist, and critic. He becomes a leading exponent of art for art's sakethe belief that formal, aesthetic beauty is the sole purpose of a work of art. An important manifesto of this theory appears in the preface of his novel Mademoiselle de Maupin (1835). Gautier was a painter before he turned to writing.

December 2, 1814

The Marquis De Sade dies in the Parisian asylum Charenton.

January 6, 1818

Edward Sellon is born in Brighton, Sussex, England and, as far as I can determine, the only child born to Edward Sellon, Sr. (1791-1822) and Laura Willats (1794–1872).

April 9, 1821

Charles Baudelaire is born. French poet and critic, known best perhaps for "Les Fleurs du mal" (at one point publicly condemned as obscene, and six of the poems were suppressed) and "Le Spleen de Paris".


The German philosopher and librarian Friedrich Karl Forberg publishes in Latin his study "De Figuris Veneris" (Manual of Classical Erotology), a collection of ancient Greek and Roman texts referring to a great variety of sexual behaviors. Later published by Charles Carrington


Frederick Hankey, son of Sir Frederick Hankey {1800-1855) is born in Corfu, Greece. Retiring from the military as a Captain in the Guards in 1840, Hankey moves to Paris where he indulges in his passion of erotic literature, to the point of being obsessed, with increasingly sadistic desires and fantasies. Ashbee once compared him to Marquis de Sade "without the intellect" (a scary thought). Hankey also supplies sado-masochistic erotica to Swinburne, Richard Burton and Richard Monckton Milnes.


Theresa Berkley, the owner of a flagellation brothel in Charlotte Street no. 28, London, has a special whipping bench constructed which becomes known as the "Berkley Horse". Upon her death the original Berkley Horse goes to the London "Society of Arts".

September 12, 1832

John Camden Hotten is born in London; son of William Hotten of Probus and Maria, daughter of Mr. Crowling of Roche. See Ashbee Vol.1, p.249-256 for a complete biography.


Author of THE bibliography source book for 19th century erotica "The Bibliography of Prohibited Books", Henry Spencer Ashbee, is born. Ashbee owned or had access to the majority of the books he listed in the bibliography.


Félicien Joseph Victor Rops is born. A Belgian artist known for his caricature, eroticism and fantasy artwork and illustrations. Rops spent several months a year in Paris, where he soon became proficient in soft etching, dry point and aquatint. He was the best-paid illustrator in Paris at the time. In 1869, he founded the International Etching Society in Brussels Societe. During the last years of his life he worked near Paris, enjoying his passion for botany and new varieties of roses.


The author and laywer Carl August Fetzer publishesunder the pseudonym of Giovanni Frusta and as an alleged translation from the Italian"The flagellantism and the Jesuits' confessions". The publication illuminates the sexual misuse of religious flagellantism.


William Lazenby [alias Duncan Cameron and possibly Thomas Judd] is born and later becomes bookseller and publisher of clandestine erotica in London, active between c.1873 and 1886. Sometime in 1884 he begins collaborating with Edward Avery. Lazenby was arrested in 1876 for "soliciting and inciting Charles Drew Harris to sell or publish certain obscene, wicked and lewd books" and again in 1886 when he was prosecuted and imprisoned at age 61 for "unlawfully selling in an open public shop certain lewd books, indecent photographs and other articles". Date of death is unknown.

January 1, 1836

The Austrian author and involuntary eponym of "masochism", Leopold Ritter von Sacher-Masoch, is born in Lemberg, Galicia.


Theresa Berkley dies. Her memories that had been announced for publication long in advance are held back by the executor of her will, Dr. Vance, and are not published even after his death. Her numerous boxes with correspondencereported to have included very compromising letterswere probably destroyed by Vance. Nevertheless, hints towards these memories can be found sometimes; it is not clear whether they have been privately printed at some point.

April 5, 1837

The British poet Algernon Charles Swinburne is born in London. The pre-raffaelite openly confesses his masochism, longed for the whipping bench of Eton for all his life, and writes many poems on the pleasures of flagellation.

November 17, 1837

Jean-Jules Gay is born in Paris.

August 14, 1840

The German psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing is born in Mannheim. At the age of 32, Krafft-Ebing becomes professor for psychiatry in Zurich. In his "Psychopathia sexualis" he later introduces the concepts of "sadism" und "masochism" into medical science.


The Ruthenian physician Heinrich Kaan publishes his study "Psychopathia sexualis", in which sins of the flesh are reinterpreted as diseases of the mind. Following this initiative, other physicians and psychiatrists also begin to use medieval theological terms of disapproval like "deviation", "aberration", and "perversion". Originally, these had referred to "false" religious beliefs or heresy; now they begin to turn into (pseudo) medical concepts. The whole process is known in cultural history as the "medicalization of sin".

October 15, 1844

The German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche is born in Röcken near Lützen. The philosopher himself was probably no sadomasochist, but mentions among the four women in his life one married woman, whom he beat during sex and who, clad as man, beat him. One photo taken in May 1882 shows him together with Paul Rée in front of a cart on which the Russian author Lou Andreas-Salome sits and swings a whip.

April 16, 1844

Jacques Anatole Thibault [Anatole France] is born in France, the son of a Paris book dealer. For about twenty years he held diverse positions, but he always had enough time for his own writings, especially during his period as assistant librarian at the Senate from 1876 to 1890. His literary output is vast, and though he is chiefly known as a novelist and storyteller, there is hardly a literary genre that he did not touch upon at one time or another. In 1921, Thibault won the Nobel Peace Prize in Literature.


Anthony Comstock is born. He served with the Union army in the Civil War and was later active as an antiabortionist and in advocating the suppression of obscene literature. He was the author of the comprehensive New York state statute (1868) forbidding immoral works, and in 1873 he secured stricter federal postal legislation against obscene matter. That same year he organized the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice. As secretary of the society until his death, Comstock was responsible for the destruction of 160 tons of literature and pictures. Comstock also inspired the Watch and Ward Society of Boston.

September, 1848

August Forel, born in Morges (Vaud). Psychatrist, researcher of the brain and of ants, director of the clinic Burghölzli and professor at the university of Zurich, can be called the pioneer of sexology in Switzerland. In 1905, he entered scientifically unmapped territory with his book "The Sexual Question", which raises demands that are revolutionary for its time (abolition of most sex laws, marriage for same-sex couples etc.). Historically, it was the first book to provide a comprehensive treatment of human sexual life from both the biological and sociological perspectives.

July 21, 1851

Augustin Brancart is born in Belgium and later becomes bookseller and publisher of clandestine erotica in Brussels and Amsterdam between 1886 and 1894, when it appears he ceased publishing.


Edward Avery is born, bookseller and publisher of erotc literature between c.1881 until at least c.1901 [The 1901 British Census lists Avery as a bookseller]. Avery's son, Edward Walter Avery (age 22), is listed in the census as a bookseller's clerk.


Octave Uzanne is born. Author of numerous works, editor of the French magazine, "Le Livre" and friend of Henry Spencer Ashbee, Emile Zola Paul Avril and Felicien Rops.

March, 1854

George Cannon, publisher of erotica from about 1815 until his death, dies in London. His widow takes over the business for another ten years when she is killed in a fire about 1864.

October 16, 1854

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde, or as he is better known, Oscar Wilde, is born. He published two collections of children's stories, The Happy Prince And Other Tales (1888), and The House Of Pomegranates (1892). His first and only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, was published in an American magazine in 1890 to a storm of critical protest. He expanded the story and had it published in book form the following year. Its implied homoerotic theme was was considered ver immoral by the Victorians and played a considerable part in his later legal trials in 1895 when he was convicted of "gross indecency" and sentenced to two years hard labor. Oscar's first play, Lady Windermere's Fan, opened in February 1892. His subsequent, highly acclaimed plays included A Woman Of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and The Importance Of Being Earnest (1895). After his release from prison 1897 he wrote The Ballad of Reading Gaol, a response to the agony he experienced in prison.

May 6, 1856

The Austrian physician Sigmund Freud is born in Freiberg (today Pribor). He later made Krafft-Ebing's ideas about sadism and masochism a central part of his theory of psychoanalysis.

July 8, 1857

Alfred Binet is born in Nice, France. French psychologist. From 1894 he was director of the psychology laboratory at the Sorbonne. He is known for his research and innovation in testing human intelligence. With Théodore Simon he devised (1905–11) a series of tests that, with revisions, came into wide use in schools, industries, and the army. In Binet's 1887 essay "Le Fetichisme dans l'amour", he uses the expression "fetishism" for the first time in its modern meaning. The concept of erotic fetishism is taken up later by von Krafft-Ebing and others.

May 2, 1857

Alfred de Musset dies.

December 23, 1857

Achille Devéria, known best for his illustrations of "Gamiani", dies.


The deeply religious French physician, Bénedict-Auguste Morel (b.1809d.1873), holds the theory that bodily and mental degeneration are the reasons also for incorrect sexual behavior. Until Freud, this theory dominates the psychiatrists' thinking, and is the basis for Krafft-Ebing's theories. For the Nazis, it is one rationale for the mass murder in the name of "Rassenhygiene" (racial hygiene).

February 2, 1859

The British physician and essayist Henry Havelock Ellis is born in Croydon, now part of London, England. Between 1897 und 1928, Ellis publishes the "Studies in the Psychology of Sex" in seven volumes. He discerns that sadism and masochism are no contraries, and that the pleasure of both variants is limited to the sexual context. In England his works are forbidden until 1935. In his autobiography, he writes about his own urophilia (usage of urine in sexual context) and declares, "It proved of immense benefit to me, for it was the germ of a perversion and it enabled me to understand sympathetically the nature of perversions."

October 12, 1863

French erotica illustrator Maurice François Alfred Martin (better known under the pseudonym of Martin Van Maele) is born in Boulogne sur Seine, France. Early in his career Martin found work illustrating various non-erotic French publications, serials and periodicals. By 1901 he was exclusively an erotica artist, creating illustrations for titles published mainly by Jules Chevrel, Charles Carrington and Jean Fort (Collection des Orties Blanches).


The German lawyer Karl-Heinrich Ulrichs publishes a series of pamphlets in which he declares "man-male love" to be inborn. Supposedly it is the natural, healthy expression of a "female soul in a male body" - a condition he calls "Uranism".

April 17, 1866

Edward Sellon committs suicide two days after the sudden death of his wife. He died by a gunshot wound at the Webbs Hotel in Picadilly, London, England

May 28, 1866

The German graphic artist Franz von Bayros is born in Agram. Many of his erotic works have S&M themes.

August 31, 1867

Charles Baudelaire dies in Paris at age 46, possibly from syphllis.

November 11, 1868

William Dugdale dies in Clerkenwell Prison, London.

November 11, 1868

The bookseller and erotica publisher, Paul Ferdinando (aka Charles Carrington), son of John Ferdinando and Sarah Cox, is born in the Bethnal Green, Middlesex, London. Carrington was active in the erotica trade from approximately 1895 until shortly before his death in Ivry, France in 1921.

May 14, 1868

The Jewish physician and sexual reformer Magnus Hirschfeld is born in Kolberg (Pommern). In 1897, Hirschfeld and some of his friends founded the world's first "gay rights organisation" - the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee. Its goal was the abolition of the German law punishing sexual contact between men (Paragraph 175 of the penal code). Although repeated petitions signed by many prominent personalities, including August Bebel, Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Albert Einstein, Thomas Mann, Gerhart Hauptmann and others, the campaign remained unsuccessful in Hirschfeld's lifetime. The paragraph was not reformed until 1969 and not entirely removed until 1994. Today, the committee is mostly remembered for its great legacy of homosexuality research. In 1919 Magnus Hirschfeld founded the world's first Institute for Sexology ("Institut für Sexualwissenschaft") in Berlin. The library was publicly burned by the Nazis on May 10, 1933. The institute was closed but later repopens in Paris.


The Austrian-Hungarian writer Karoly Maria Kertbeny (orig. Benkert), in an anonymous pamphlet addressed to the Prussian Minister of Justice, coins the expression "homosexuality".


The Berlin psychiatrist Carl Westphal publishes the first medical case history of same-sex erotic attraction in his journal "Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten". It concerns a woman who feels attracted to the female students in her sister's boarding school. Westphal concludes that she suffers from a psychopathological condition for which he coins a new term: "contrary sexual feeling". The article prompts numerous other psychiatrists, including von Krafft-Ebing, to submit similar case histories of their own. Thus, within a very short time, the 'condition' of loving persons of the same sex comes to be viewed as a psychiatric illness.


James G. Bertram publishes (under the pseudonym "Rev. Wm. Cooper") "Flagellation and the Flagellants. A History of the Rod in all countries from the earliest period to the present time.


Sacher-Masoch publishes his novel "Venus im Pelz" (Venus in Furs), which becomes a bestseller.

December 10, 1870

Pierre Louÿs, French erotic poet, is born. Best known for "Chansons de Bilitis" (1894).

April 8, 1872

Considered to be the co-founder of modern sexology, Iwan Bloch is born in Delmenhorst. The dermatologist publishes – also under the pseudonym Eugen Dührennumerous sexological works. He also did valuable research on de Sade.

August 21, 1872

The British graphic and erotica artist, Aubrey Beardsley, is born in Brighton.

June 14, 1873

John Camden Hotten dies at his residence on Haverstock Hill.


The British philosopher and occultist Aleister Crowley is born. Crowley is said to have had SM relationships with men and women.

July 4, 1878

James Campbell Reddie dies of a "wasting disease" in Elmbank, Creiffin in his native Scotland.

July 1879 – Dec. 1880

The underground magazine "The Pearl" is published in London in 18 parts. William Lazenby is attributed as the 'publisher, editor and part-time author' [Mendes: 50-A]. Augustin Brancart later bound the series into three volumes, with each part containing 2 lithographes from the original publications, and published the collection in c.1890. A clandestine US edition was published by "Printed for the Society of Vice, 1880", although actually New York, 1933.


Using the pseudonym Pisanus Fraxi, Henry Spencer Ashbee publishes "Centuria librorum absconditorum", which includes an essay about flagellation.

August 26, 1880

The French poet Guillaume Apollinaire, originally Wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky, is born in Rome. Apollinaire predicts that the works of de Sade, which he edited, would dominate the 20th century. He writes several erotic novels, the best-known being "The Eleven Thousand Rods".

January 6, 1881

French graphic artist, Chéri Hérouard (aka Herric) is born. Illustrator of numerous erotica and flagellation books as well as many issues of the French magazines "La Vie Parisienne" and "Fantasio" as Herouard. He uses the pseudonym 'Herric' when he illustrates flagellaton novels for various French publishing houses: Jean Fort, Galant Passe-Temps, Editions Prima and Collection des Orties Blanches . Chéri Hérouard died on June 2, 1961.


Frederick Hankey dies.

February 26, 1882

Pierre Dumarchey is born. Also known as Pierre Mac Orlan and Sadie Blackeyes. He is one of France's most celebrated and popular 20th century writers. He is also author and sometimes illustrator of French erotica.


Sir Richard Burton and F.F. Arbuthnot translate the "Kama Sutra" into English for the first time. One of the numerous translation mistakes is that strokes with the Samdanschikam–("pincer")–technique on the breasts are described as real strokes with iron pincers instead as a hand position derived from a dance.

September 16, 1883

Jean-Jules Gay dies in Bruxelles.


Krafft-Ebing publishes the first edition of "Psychopathia sexualis" with a volume of 110 pages and 45 case studies.

August 15, 1888

The British archaeologist, author and colonial agent Thomas Edward Lawrence, better known as Lawrence of Arabia, is born in Tremadoc (Wales). In 1917, Lawrence was captured by Turkish soldiers in Deraa, raped several times, and beaten with a cane. After his return to England, he paid the Scotsman John Bruce for years to whip him on a regular base, as Bruce told the "Sunday Times" in 1968. Lawrence dies at May 19, 1935 after a motorbike accident.

c.1888 - 1895

Leondard Charles Smithers (and Harry Sidney Nichols) are active in the clandestine erotica trade in London. They are considered "one of the most important publishers of original literary and graphic material in the late 19th century.....chamioning Beardsley and Wilde" [Mendes: p.16]. Smithers and Nichols part company in 1895, although both continue publishing from London. Nichols is exiled in Paris from 1900 until 1908, although he maintains a London office and continues publishing. In 1908 Nichols, his mistress and their twin daughers imigrate to New York. While in New York Nichols continues as a rare book dealer and publisher. In 1939 Nichols is commited to Bellevue Mental hospital where he dies soon after. Leonard Smithers dies in 1907.

c.1889 - c.1901

Charles Hirsch is importing clandestine literature from Brussels and Amsterdam and selling it through his bookshop in London. He later moves to Paris where he continues publishing until c.1939.

October 20, 1890

Richard Burton dies in Trieste.

July 12, 1892

The Polish author, illustrator and Kafka translator Bruno Schulz is born in Drogobytsch in Galicia. Unrecognized until after World War II, Schulz is now considered the finest modern Polish-language prose stylist and a significant visual artist. Schulz also illustrated "Venus in Furs". His "Book of an Idolator" deals with the domination of man by woman. His etchings are none too sophisticated but very explicit. On November 19, 1942 he is murdered on the streets by a Gestapo officer.

June 23, 1894

Noted sexologist, Alfred Charles Kinsey, is born in Hoboken, N.J. From 1916 until 1920 Kinsey was an instructor in biology and zoology at Harvard, while working towards a Doctor of Science degree there. Kinsey moved to Indiana in August 1920 where he worked at Indiana University as an assistant professor of zoology, a specialist in plant and insect life. He rose from assistant professor to full professor of zoology by 1929 and became the world's foremost authority on the gall wasp. In 1938 Kinsey was asked to speak at a new marriage course and soon after began gathering case histories of sexual behavior. Kinsey and his staff collected over 18,000 interviews, and published "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" in 1948 and "Sexual Behavior in the Human Female" in 1953. To everyone's suprise, both books flew off the shelf, 500,000 copies worth.

March 3, 1895

Official date of death of Sacher-Masoch by heart stroke, as given by his family. According to other sources he died 1905 in a lunatic asylum in Mannheim.

May 15, 1897

Magnus Hirschfeld establishes the "Wissenschaftlich-humanitäre Komitee" (scientific-humanitarian committee) with the aim to support scientific research on sexuality.

March 16, 1898

Aubrey Beardsley dies of tuberculosis in Menton at the age of 25. Shortly before, he converted to Catholicism and condemned his own frivolous art works.


Belgian painter and illustrator, Luc Lafnet, is born in Belgium. During the late 1920s into the mid 1930s Lafnet illustrates numerous flagellation books, using the pseudonym "Jim Black" and "Viset", drawing mainly for the publishing house "Collection des Orties Blanches". In 1938, Lafnet also draws for the Belgian comic magazine "Le Journal Spriou" In 1939, Lafnet is sent into war where he dies the same year.


Henry Spencer Ashbee (aka Pisanus Fraxi) dies. His extensive erotica collection (17002000 different titles) is willed to the British Museum, which the Museum at first refuses due to the "Obscene" nature of the collection but later recants. Saddly, the British Museum destroys a large number of the these rare and valuable books, with the blessing of Ashbee's son.

November 30, 1900

Oscar Wilde dies of meningitis.

c.1901 – c.1939

Charles Hirsch, bookseller who also sold clandestine literature, sets up shop in Paris

December 9, 1902

The illustrator John Alexander Scott Coutts, aka John Willie, is born in Singapore, son of a rich British entrepreneur. Coutts grows up in England and later works in Australia as laborer and sign-painter. He makes contact with the fetish subculture in about 1932, when he enters the McNaught shoe shop in Sydney, Australia. McNaught manufactured high-heel fetish shoes and published photographs and ads in "London Life". In 1935, drawings by Coutts are published in "London Life" for the first time.

December 22, 1902

Krafft-Ebing dies in Graz after several strokes.


The 12th edition of "Psychopathia sexualis" is published. It is the last edition on which Krafft-Ebing personally worked; it has 437 pages and 238 case studies.

August 15, 1903

Pascal Pia is born in Paris, France. He dies of cancer on September 27, 1979.


In "Neue Forschungen über den Marquis de Sade und seine Zeit" (New research on the Marquis de Sade and his time), Iwan Bloch publishes (under the pseudonym Eugen Dühren) the manuscript of the "120 Days of Sodom", which had been reported lost for a long time. Bloch had found and bought the manuscript at a French antique dealer.


Freud publishes his "Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie" (Three disquisitions on sexual theory). Sadism and masochism are described as disorders that result from an incorrect development in the early childhood psyche. Psychoanalysis, a variant of speculative philosophy without empirical basis, becomes the dominant theory in Western psychiatry for the following 60 years.


Leonard Smithers dies in London.

September 23, 1907

The French author and translator Anne Declos (alias Pauline Réage, alias Dominique Aury), author of "The Story of O", is born in Rochefort-sur-Mer.

April 10, 1909

Algernon Charles Swinburne dies in Putney, London.


The art nouveau illustrator Marquis Franz von Bayros paints as part of his series "Pictures of the Boudoire of Madame CC" drawings of bondage and wax play. One year before he was banished from Germany after a lawsuit on morals for his illustrations to Max Semnerau's "Erzählungen vom Toilettentisch" (Stories from the toilet table).


Edward Avery dies in Camberwell, England.


The Rockefeller family takes an interest in sex research and over the next forty years, the foundation makes substantial amounts of money available through various agencies. Eventually, the Rockefeller Foundation also provides some funds for the work of Alfred C. Kinsey. However, this support is soon withdrawn under pressure from conservative political and religious forces.

December 9, 1918

Apollinaire dies in Paris.

March 6, 1919

Bill Ward is born. Cartoon and fetish/fem dom illustrator. He died on November 17, 1998.

October 15, 1921

Paul Ferdinando (aka Charles Carrington) dies, probably from syphillis, while interned at the mental hospital in Ivry, France.

October 12, 1924

Anatole France dies.

June 6, 1925

Pierre Louÿs dies.

September 5, 1926

Prolific illustrator of erotica and flagellation literature, Martin van Maele dies. Maele did most of his erotica work for publishers Charles Carrington and Jean Fort (Collection des Orties Blanches).

September 30, 1926

Eric Stanton is born. Cartoon and fetish/fem dom illustrator. He died in 1999.


Octave Uzanne dies

May 6, 1933

The Nazis plunder Hirschfeld's Institute for Sexology, which is then promptly closed by the authorities. The library is publicly burned four days later together with the books of other "Un-German" authors.

October 25, 1933

Eduard Fuchs extensive art collection is confiscated by the Gestapo and partially destroyed. In 1937/38 what's left of the collection is sold off at various auctions. Fuchs dies January 26, 1940 in exile in Paris.


Harry Sidney Nichols dies in New York's Bellevue Mental hospital.


Robert Bishop is born. Cartoon and fetish/fem dom illustrator; best known for the artwork he did for House Of Milan (HOM) publications. Bishop commited suicide in 1991 at the age of 46.


Kinsey's controversial book "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" is published.


Kinsey's controversial book "Sexual Behavior in the Human Female" is published. Despite the dry, scientific tone, this book and his previously published "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" fly off the shelves.

August 26, 1956

Alfred Kinsey dies at age 62 from a heart ailment and pneumonia.

Sources Used

•  Datenschlag Chronicle of Sadomasochismus. http://www.Datenschlag.org

•  Death certificate of James Campbell Reddie.

•  Fraxi, Pisanus [Henry Spenceer Ashbee]. Bibliography of Prohibited Books. London: Jack Brussel, 1962.

•  Gertzman, Jay. Bookleggers and Smuthounds. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002.

•  Gibson, Ian. The Erotomaniac. Da Capo Press, 2001.

•  Kearney, Patrick. A History of Erotic Literature. London: Macmillan, 1982.

•  Magnus-Hirschfeld Archive for Sexuality. http://www2.rz.hu-berlin.de/sexology/

•  Marchand, Henry. The French Pornographers. Book Awards, 1965.

•  McCalman, Iain. Radical underworld. Cambridge University Press, 1988.

•  Mendes, Peter. Clandestine Erotic Fiction in English 1800-1930. Scolar Press, 1993.

•  St. Jorre, John de. Venus Bound. New York: Random House, 1994.

•  Thomas, Donald A Long Time Burning. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, Inc., 1969.